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Nonsense-mediated decay

Call me Kat. I study biology and like to pretend I have time for art on the side. My previous URL was kaytara-art. If my blog seems familiar, that's probably why. I have one or two "popular" posts that have made my notification page a living hell, so Don't @ me, IM me or "reply" to me if you want me to see something and reply back, please ask or submit instead.. I have an art Tumblr if you follow one of the links below.
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If giraffes were predators they would look both hilarious and terrifying while sneaking up on their prey

I’m afraid you’ve missed the predatory giraffes by about 66 million years mate.

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These guys are Azhdarchid pterosaurs, and they were some of the strangest reptiles to ever exist. They were perfectly capable of flight, but their physiology suggests that they may have spent a significant portion of their lives hunting on the ground. 

The largest of them could reach over 5 metres tall while standing, and had a 10-metre wingspan. They varied greatly in body type, from the tall, spindly forms of Quetzalcoatlus and Arambourgiania (images 4 and 1-2 respectively) to the heavy brute strength of Hatzegopteryz, a species that may have used its head to bludgeon its prey (images 2 and 3).

There has never been another flying animal before or since to have reached such incredible sizes, nor any predator so intimidatingly tall. Well, not any that we know of yet.

All of these illustrations are by Mark Witton, a palaeontologist and artist who specialises in pterosaurs. This is his blog about palaeontology and the science of reconstructing extinct species. You can find out more about each of these images here, here and here.

(Oh, and by the way … these are NOT dinosaurs)

What the hell these are so intimidating, why aren’t these in any dinosaur movies

Just imagine it … 

The protagonists and a few disposable minor characters are walking carefully through a forest at night, covered by a thick fog. They know there are dinosaurs everywhere, but they can’t see more than three metres in front of their own faces.

Eventually they stop near a small cluster of trees to rest. As they sit there, exhausted, one of the trees begins to move. Everyone freezes, terrified. They have no idea what this thing is.

Then a massive beak slams down, longer than a person is tall, and plucks one of the minor characters off his feet and into the air.

The small group erupts into movement, frantically running away from whatever those things are. There’s two of them now, and as the fog begins to clear the group are able to make out more of their shape. They are huge, with long, spindly necks topped with a massive, daggerlike head. The long legs that they once mistook for trees have an almost mechanical movement as the giant creatures stalk towards them. And then comes the next terrible surprise.

These things can run.

It’s a short film.

How could those things possibly fly? Could they take off from the ground or did they need a cliff like bats do?

Okay this is really bizarre and awesome but like these guys probably used their giant long wings to pole-vault themselves into the air, from a standing start no less. No run-up or cliffside needed, just some massively powerful arms to launch them skywards like the world’s most terrifying slingshot.

(The pterosaur in the video I linked isn’t an azhdarchid, but it gets the general picture across)

because it wasn’t terrifying enough already….

How does something that big have hollow bones though? Wouldn’t they break under the pressure of pole vaulting themselves?

Basically, azhdarchid bones aren’t just “hollow”. They’re actually full of an incredibly complex network of spongy strands of bone that functions almost like scaffolding to support the bones and make them a lot stronger than they would initially appear. A lot of dinosaurs, including very large ones, had this same sort of bone structure as well.

 It’s a delicate balance between being light enough to fly and strong enough to take off and staying in the air, but they certainly weren’t skinny, lightweight pushovers like they’re often portrayed.

18 hours ago

If giraffes were predators they would look both hilarious and terrifying while sneaking up on their prey

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Lady in a red dress with a sword, for a SketchFest prompt. One hour, kinda speedy sketch.    Support me on Patreon here!  ...
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Lady in a red dress with a sword, for a SketchFest prompt. One hour, kinda speedy sketch. Support me on Patreon here! ...

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Fenris - markers, watercolours. Still have a soft spot for this broody elf after all these years… I really ought to replay DAII...

1 day ago

Fenris - markers, watercolours. Still have a soft spot for this broody elf after all these years… I really ought to replay DAII...

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People were killed by authorities or companies during strikes through 1959, and by hate groups as late as 1979.  Our rights as...

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People were killed by authorities or companies during strikes through 1959, and by hate groups as late as 1979. Our rights as...

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SEIZE IT. PERIOD.
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SEIZE IT. PERIOD.

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Decker done in markers with a bonus noir filter version :P   Support me on Patreon here!
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1 day ago

Decker done in markers with a bonus noir filter version :P Support me on Patreon here!

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Rush   Black marker, Copic markers, watercolours, coloured pencils   Support me on Patreon here!   Bonus: Version with fixed...

1 day ago

Rush Black marker, Copic markers, watercolours, coloured pencils Support me on Patreon here! Bonus: Version with fixed...

so heres a thing my mother always said to me growing up when i broke something on accident that i think is really important

and i know, from watching my friends and seeing their panic and terror when something broke, that not only were not nearly enough children told this thing, many children were punished in place of being reassured

and thats heartbreaking

so heres the words from my mom that i was always told, and theyre the same words that anyone who never got to hear them should hear now, courtesy of my mom, who has repeated those same words to many a friend of mine and now to you

if i ever broke anything, the first words out of her mouth would always be and have always been, “are you hurt?” 

i would say no

she would say, “thats okay, then”

and i would ask why

and she would say “because it was just a thing- even if its a nice thing, or an old thing, or an expensive thing, its still just a thing. it can be replaced, or we can live without it. there is only one you. there will only ever be one you. you will always be more important than just some thing.” 

I lend out a collection to fossils to my school’s 8th grade science teachers annually. I’ve collected since I was a kid, added more as an adult from yard sales and donations. I want kids to be inspired and intrigued. About my 5th year at my school, the teacher came to me with one of her students. The girl looked upset and sort of scared. The teacher explained that the girl’s hand had slipped and a Megaladon Shark’s tooth had broken into two pieces. My first response was to make sure she hadn’t been cut by one of the pieces, and she shook her head, tears in her eyes. I smiled at her and pointed out that she hadn’t dropped it on purpose, that the ridiculously big tooth had been fossilized and survived this long, and it would still be amazing if I had to either keep it in two pieces or superglue it.

It bothered me a lot that the kid was clearly primed by a lot of adults to deal with anger and blame when a simple mistake was made. I offered her a hug, which she accepted and finally laughed.

Story time: 

My grandmother owns crystal bowls that have been passed down to her from her grandmother. Being a family with Jewish heritage in Austria, every single piece of family history we own is basically a treasure in itself.I was already an adult when she allowed me to take one of them home with me, of course only after I swore several oaths to keep it safe. I can go months and years without breaking a single dish, but lo and behold, it takes two weeks and a split second of not paying attention, and suddenly that crystal bowl, that’s worth more to my grandmother than the entire rest of her furniture, goes flying and shatters into a million pieces. I swear I watched for what felt like an hour as that thing dropped, turned around itself and finally crashed in a spectacular impact. Anyway, it’s completely beyond repair, and I’m freaking out because my grandmother will murder me. Only, she will not, because even worse, she’s going to be fucking heartbroken and so, so disappointed with me she won’t even find it within herself to murder me.But, you gotta do what you gotta do - not being able to face her while confessing, I call her, in tears, apologizing a hundred times before she finally goes: “Gigi, calm down now, what happened??”“*sobbing* I- I broke your grandma’s bohooohooowl -”And my grandmother, bless that woman, starts laughing hysterically. She’s laughing so much I think, I must have broken her, that’s it, she’s lost her marbles now and it’s my fault, until she wheezes out: “Gigi that bowl survived two world wars and the Nazis but not a month in your kitchen!” and of course I fucking lost it too at that point. That’s how I learned, that in the end, it’s really all about perspective. 

Now I’m a step-mum myself and my go to reaction whenever I hear something break is to shrug and say ‘Well, it had a good run’ and then I go fetch a broom and we’ll clean up because if my grandma could laugh off a 100 year old crystal dish, I can laugh off an IKEA mug lmao

I’m tearing up

2 days ago

so heres a thing my mother always said to me growing up when i broke something on accident that i think is really important and...

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A new mode of production arises out of the newly networked masses.

7 days ago

A new mode of production arises out of the newly networked masses.

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everything old is new again

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everything old is new again

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Anyway here’s  more SUPER old sketches of Gann from my Deviantart because nobody is here to stop me
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9 days ago

Anyway here’s  more SUPER old sketches of Gann from my Deviantart because nobody is here to stop me

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Gannayev - Gann-of-Dreams.  Traditional comic art-y style vs. digital detailed realism style (from 2007, no less)… I’m learning....
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Gannayev - Gann-of-Dreams. Traditional comic art-y style vs. digital detailed realism style (from 2007, no less)… I’m learning....

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Cyberpunk dystopia here we are

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Cyberpunk dystopia here we are

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I want to extend the deepest thanks to @gingerhaole​ for these ridiculous 3-layer crossover headcanons. After her lovely post I...
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I want to extend the deepest thanks to @gingerhaole​ for these ridiculous 3-layer crossover headcanons. After her lovely post I...

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losing my mind over this

11 days ago

losing my mind over this

Do ppl know about trump actively trying to buy the company that’s currently working on a covid vaccine and wanting to keep it to American use only or is this a Germany only headline

A source

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8114015/Donald-Trump-tries-pay-German-company-creating-experimental-coronavirus-vaccine-US.html

Germany tries to stop US from luring firm seeking COVID-19 vaccine  German officials are trying to stop the US from enticing German company CureVac to move its research to the US, insisting no country should Mail Online

It gets wierder and more troubling too. Apparently the CEO that met with trump has abruptly stepped down. The company is now being run by one of its founders. Wtf is going on here?

Company Founder Ingmar Hoerr Succeeds Daniel Menichella as CEO of CureVac AG | English CureVac

https://www.curevac.com/news/company-founder-ingmar-hoerr-succeeds-daniel-menichella-as-ceo-of-curevac-ag

Was it something he said? Biotech CEO who met Trump this month exits without a word Daniel Menichella started the month as CureVac CEO, one of the privileged few to discuss the coronavirus response with the U.S. president an FierceBiotech

https://www.fiercebiotech.com/biotech/was-it-something-he-said-biotech-ceo-who-met-president-trump-month-exits-without-a-word

have not seen it in america but that IS pretty fuckin horrifying so like hey what the fuck

You really need to see this in the US because everyone else on the fucking planet has been seeing this for nearly a week and we are PISSED

Your government, in the middle of a global fucking pandemic, literally tried to buy the vaccine under development for said pandemic exclusively for the US.

This isn’t just a daily fail bullshit squawk, this has been confirmed by multiple sources, INCLUDING THE GODDAMN GERMAN GOVERNMENT. “CAPITALISM HAS LIMITS” and you have crossed a fucking line. 

11 days ago

Do ppl know about trump actively trying to buy the company that's currently working on a covid vaccine and wanting to keep it to...

Petition to remake Lord of the Rings with Keas

Instead of giant eagles there are giant Keas

Gollum is now a Kea who saw a Shiny and couldn’t resist

11 days ago

Petition to remake Lord of the Rings with Keas Instead of giant eagles there are giant Keas Gollum is now a Kea who saw a Shiny...

sorry if i’m being a party pooper but because rabies is apparently the new joke on here ??? please remember that rabies has an almost 100% fatality rate after symptoms develop so if you’re bitten or scratched by an animal that you aren’t 100% sure is vaccinated then GO TO A DOCTOR. it’s not a joke. really. 

You’re being kind when you say “almost 100% fatality”. What people need to hear is: if you get to develop rabies symptoms, you’re dead. If you get heavy treatment after developping symptoms, you still need a miracle. Like, a real miracle, you should enter some religion if you escape that.

ALSO, I don’t want people feeling confident about petting stray/wild animals because there’s a vaccine available, either. I’ll explain why from my own experience (I’m not a doctor).

I got bitten by a wild tamarin once, on the pulp of my index finger. It drew blood, there are many wild animals in the area (tamarins, possums, bats, foxes) and it isn’t that uncommon to hear about 1 or 2 rabies cases every now and again (a puppy we gave to a friend got it, for instance), so I went to an ambulatory immediately.

Because I was bitten in an ultrasensitive area, I needed fast treatment. But it was also a small area, so the usual thing they do - inject the vaccine in the place - wasn’t a choice. They told me they’d divide the shot in 5 small ones, and inject me all over my body, so the antidote would get to my entire system fast.

Please stop for a moment and think that the disease is so worrysome that they’d rather needle me all over than to give me one shot and wait until it spread through my system.

Then they said that, okay, but there was a catch first. I needed to take an antiallergic shot. “Why?” “Because the virus is devastating, and as the vaccine is made from it, but weakened (like almost every vaccine) it will still create a reaction, and it’s a strong one, and it’s veru common for people to have strong allergic reactions to it.” YOU HAVE TO TAKE AN ANTIALLERGIC SHOT IN ORDER TO TAKE THE VACCINE COZ THE VACCINE COULD POTENTIALLY MAKE YOU REALLY SICK

ALSO IT WASN’T JUST “A LITTLE ANTIALLERGIC SHOT”

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IT WAS ONE OF THESE FUCKERS HERE.

It was OBVIOUSLY dripped in my body and not injected because HAHAHAHA. Truth be told I was an adult already and I’m tall so I have a lot of mass but STILL.

So after I had taken the antiallegic and was starting to feel drowsy (as a side effect of it) the doctor came with the 5 shots.

- One in each buttock

- One in each thigh

- One in my left arm

They all stung like a bitch and I usually don’t care about shots.

“Okay so can I go home now?”

“No, we have to keep you under observation for 2h so we’re SURE the vaccine won’t give you any reaction.”

BINCH I WAS GIVEN A BUTTLOAD OF MEDICINE BUT THERE WAS STILL A RISK.

I slept through the two hours and then was liberated to go home. My legs, butt, and left arm hurt all over, like I had been punched there, for a few days. I also had a fever (not feverish, a fever)

BUT DID YOU THINK IT WAS OVER?

WRONG!!!

I had to take four reinforcement shots in the next month, one a week, so I could be positively be considered immunized. Every time I took a shot, my arm would swell and hurt like it’d been hit, and when night came I’d have a fever. Because that’s how fucking strong the vaccine is, BECAUSE THAT’S HOW VICIOUS THE VIRUS IS.

So yeah. DO NOT PUT YOURSELF IN RISK, GODDAMNIT. Rabies is a rare condition all over, THANK GOD, and 1 confirmed case can be already considered a surge and a reason for mass campaigning, AND FOR A REASON.

If you like messing with stray/wild animals, don’t go picking them up and be extra careful. Or just, like, DON’T - call a vet or an authority that can handle them safely.

I must add that I live in a country with universal healthcare, so I didn’t pay a single penny for my treatment. Is this your reality? If not, ONE MORE REASON TO NOT FUCKING PLAY WITH THIS SHIT.

Rabies is 100% lethal. Period. If you are scratched or bitten by an animal you’re not positive is vaccinated, you need to find treatment NOW. And probably go through all that shit I’ve been through (also if you are immunosupressed? I DON’T KNOW WHAT’D HAPPEN)

Stay safe and don’t be stupid ffs

Guys, I know this isn’t art nor anything like that, but I’ve been hearing about this rabies thing and ???? Look I trust none of you would risk yourselves like this, but maybe you can educate someone through my experience and stuff.

Also rabies does not necessarily cause frothing-at-the-mouth aggression in animals. Docility is also a very common symptom so any wild animal that is ‘friendly’ or ‘likes to be pet’ is suspect. Literally any wild animal is a vector.

Finally, you don’t need to be bitten. All you need is to come into contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids through a cut that maybe you didn’t notice when you were handling it when it drooled on you.

Never touch a wild animal.

Infection with the rabies virus progresses through three distinct stages.

Prodromal: Stage One. Marked by altered behavioral patterns. “Docility” and “likes to be pet” are very common in the prodromal stage. Usually lasts 1-3 days. An animal in this stage carries virus bodies in its saliva and is infectious.

Excitative: Stage Two. Also called “furious” rabies. This is what everyone thinks rabies is–hyperreacting to stimuli and biting everything. Excessive salivation occurs. Animals in this stage also exhibit hydrophobia or the fear of water; they cannot drink (swallowing causes painful spasms of the throat muscles), and will panic if shown water. Usually lasts 3-4 days before rapidly progressing into the next stage.

Paralytic: Stage Three. Also called “dumb” rabies. As the infection runs its course, the virus starts degrading the nervous system. Limbs begin to fail; animals in this stage will often limp or drag their haunches behind them. If the animal has survived all this way, death will usually come through respiratory arrest: Their diaphragm becomes paralyzed and they stop breathing.

And to add onto the above, saliva isn’t the only infectious fluid. Brain matter is, too. If, somehow, you find yourself in possession of a firearm and faced with a rabid animal, do not go for a head shot. If you do, you will aerosolize the brain matter and effectively create a cloud of infectious material. Breathe it in, and you’ll give yourself an infection.

When I worked in wildlife rehabilitation, I actually did see a rabid animal in person, and it remains one of the most terrifying experiences of my life, because I was literally looking death in the eyes.

A pair of well-intentioned women brought us a raccoon that they thought had been hit by a car. They had found it on the side of the road, dragging its hind legs. They managed–somehow–to get it into a cat carrier and brought it to us. 

As they brought it in, I remember how eerily silent it was. Normal raccoons chatter almost constantly. They fidget. They bump around. They purr and mumble and make little grabby-hands at everything. Even when they’re in pain, and especially when they’re stressed. But this one wasn’t moving around inside the carrier, and it wasn’t making a sound.

The clinic director also noticed this, and he asked in a calm but urgent voice for the women to hand the carrier to him. He took it to the exam room and set it on the table while they filled out some forms in the next room. I took a step towards the carrier, to look at our new patient, and without turning around, he told me, “Go to the other side of the room, and stay there.”

He took a small penlight out of the drawer and shone it briefly into the carrier, then sighed. “Bear, if you want to come look at this, you can put on a mask,” he said. “It’s really pretty neat, but I know you’re not vaccinated and I don’t want to take any chances.” 

And at that point, I knew exactly what we were dealing with, and I knew that this would be the closest I had ever been to certain death. So I grabbed a respirator from the table and put it on, and held my breath for good measure as I approached the table. The clinic director pointed where I should stand, well back from the carrier door. He shone the light inside again, and I saw two brilliant flashes of emerald green–the most vivid, unnatural eyeshine I had ever seen. 

“I don’t know why it does it,” the director murmured, “but it turns their eyes green.”

“What does?” one of the women asked, with uncanny, unintentionally dramatic timing, as she poked her head around the corner.

“Rabies,” the director said. “The raccoon is rabid. Did it bite either of you, or even lick you?” They told us no, said they had even used leather garden gloves when they herded it into the carrier. He told them to throw away the gloves as soon as possible, and steam-clean the upholstery in their car. They asked how they should clean the cat carrier; they wanted it back and couldn’t be convinced otherwise, so he told them to soak it in just barely diluted bleach.

But before we could give them the carrier back, we had to remove the raccoon. The rabid raccoon.

The clinic director readied a syringe with tranquilizers and attached it to the end of a short pole. I don’t remember how it was rigged exactly–whether he had a way to push down the plunger or if the needle would inject with pressure–but all he would have to do was stick the animal to inject it. And so, after sending me and the women back to the other side of the room, he made his fist jab.

He missed the raccoon.

The sound that that animal made on being brushed by the pole can only be described as a roar. It was throaty and ragged and ungodly loud. It was not a sound that a raccoon should ever make. I’m convinced it was a sound that a raccoon physically could not make

It thrashed inside the carrier, sending it tipping from side to side. Its claws clattered against the walls. It bellowed that throaty, rasping sound again. It was absolutely frenzied, and I was genuinely scared that it would break loose from inside those plastic walls. 

Somehow, the clinic director kept his calm, and as the raccoon jolted around inside the cat carrier, he moved in with the syringe again, and this time, he hit it. He emptied the syringe into its body and withdrew the pole.

And then we waited.

We waited for those awful screams, that horrible thrashing, to die down. As we did, the director loaded up another syringe with even more tranquilizer, and as the raccoon dropped off into unconsciousness, he stuck it a second time with the heavier dose. Even then, it growled at him and flailed a paw against the wall.

More waiting, this time to make sure the animal was truly down for the count.

Then, while wearing welder’s gloves, the director opened the door of the carrier and removed the raccoon. She was limp, bedraggled, and utterly emaciated, but she was still alive. We bagged up the cat carrier and gave it to the women again, advising them that now was a good time to leave. They heeded our warning.

I asked if I could come closer to see, and the clinic director pointed where I could stand. I pushed the mask up against my face and tried to breathe as little as possible.

He and his co-director–who I think he was grooming to be his successor, but the clinic actually went under later that year–examined the raccoon together. Donning a pair of nitrile gloves, he reached down and pulled up a handful, a literal fistful, of the raccoon’s skin and released it. It stayed pulled up.

Severe dehydration causes a phenomenon called “skin tenting”. The skin loses its elasticity somewhat, and will be slow to return to its “normal” shape when manipulated. The clinic director estimated that it had been at least four or five days since the raccoon had had anything to eat or drink. 

She was already on death’s doorstep, but her rabies infection had driven her exhausted body to scream and lunge and bite. 

Because, the scariest thing about rabies (if you ask me) is the way that it alters the behavior of those it infects to increase chances of spreading. 

The prodromal stage? Nocturnal animals become diurnal–allowing them to potentially infect most hosts than if they remained nocturnal. 

The excitative stage? The infected animal bites at the slightest provocation. Swallowing causes painful spasms, so they drool, coating their bodies in infectious matter. A drink could wash away the virus-charged saliva from their mouth and bodies, so the virus drives them to panic at the sight of water.

(The paralytic stage? By that point, the animal has probably spread its infection to new hosts, so the virus has no need for it any longer.)

Rabies is deadly. Rabies is dangerous. In all of recorded history, one person survived an infection after she became symptomatic, and so far we haven’t been able to replicate that success. The Milwaukee Protocol hasn’t saved anyone else. Just one person. And even then, she still had to struggle to gain back control of her body after all that nerve damage.

Please, please, take rabies seriously.

This has been a warning from your old pal Bear.

I knew how bad it was, but I had never read anything like the raccoon story.

I am not exaggerating when I say that is literally terrifying.

Y'all please read this. That is absolutely hideous. That’s literally like something from a horror movie.

Do not fuck around with wildlife. Or weird strays.

TFW Rabies education comes across your dash because some fuck up calls themselves Rabiosexual.

Rebloggin’ for that raccoon. o.o The original post I can pretty much guarantee is a troll, but it’s useful to know just why rabies is such serious shit. 

Education right here

Extra reminder: If you see any animal other than a dog who’s been attacked by a porcupine? It’s rabid.

Dogs are dumb, friendly fucks who will investigate anything; everything else in the animal kingdom knows better than to mess with a porcupine, unless their brain is being ravaged by something beyond their control.

If you see a non-dog animal that has porcupine quills sticking out of it? Don’t try to help it yourself. Call animal control.

Thankfully, small mammals such as squirrels, rats, mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, chipmunks, rabbits, possums, and hares - what we mostly see in our yards or keep as pets - are almost never infected with rabies, and they have not been known to cause rabies among humans in the United States. Source: CDC

Reblogging this for the triple count of biology education, serious warnings about handling wildlife, and a seriously damned good horror story.

I didn’t know that part about porcupines, interesting.

Small animals generally don’t tend to carry rabies for the simple reason that they’re unlikely to survive a bite from an infected animal. So bites and contact with, say, rats, are not considered to be specifically rabies risks by health authorities. However, there is a very important exception to that: Bats. Bats don’t develop symptoms (as far as I know) but they are reservoir hosts for rabies! So don’t mess around with bats either.

On another note, I have a strong suspicion that the reason we’re culturally so fascinated with zombie stories is because they (as well as the quite similar werewolf, vampire, etc. myths) tap into our primal, ancestral terror of rabies (or, more specifically, what it does and what it looks like).

11 days ago

sorry if i’m being a party pooper but because rabies is apparently the new joke on here ??? please remember that rabies has an...

When people get pregnant, they will give up smoking, give up alcohol, give up coffee and soda, give up fondue and raw cheese, give up cold cuts and sushi, all because they have heard somewhere, from someone, that these things can be bad for the baby. They don’t know the research, haven’t looked at the studies, can’t talk about sample sizes and control groups. But their dedication to their future child’s safety is so strong, their caution is so overpowering, that they give up these things just in case

So it baffles me when those same people will insist on spanking their kids. 

Even when they are shown the research.

 Regardless of what the experts in the field say. 

No matter who says it. 

Or how it is said. 

People are so invested in this ability to hit their kids without judgement or consequence, that it absolutely confounds me. 

I’m sorry but there’s nothing wrong with spanking???

I literally listed several sources about how, yes, there is.

Anyway. No it’s not.

“An analysis of 50 years of research showed no evidence that spanking does any good for children; instead, it increases their risk of detrimental outcomes.

Experts at the University of Michigan and University of Texas looked at decades of research from 75 studies involving more than 160,000 children, who showed increased signs of aggression, mental health problems and cognitive difficulties.

Spanking children to correct misbehavior is a widespread practice by many parents, yet one shrouded in debate about its effectiveness and appropriateness.

“Our analysis focuses on what most Americans would recognize as spanking and not on potentially abusive behaviors,” said Elizabeth Gershoff, associate professor of human development and family sciences at the University of Texas.

“We found that spanking was associated with unintended detrimental outcomes and was not associated with more immediate or long-term compliance, which are parents’ intended outcomes when they discipline their children.”

Shut the fuck up and don’t hit kids.

I was spanked and I’m fine? I’m not saying fucking smack your kid in the head but spanking their butt is fine??

Read the links I posted. Then read them again. Then stop advocating that people hit their children.

I’m sorry your parents hit YOU, and you’re allowed to feel however you want about that, but your feelings don’t make it effective, good, or ethical to hit kids.

Yo learn to read dumb ass. I said I turned out fine.

You say you were spanked, and turned out fine.

I say I was spanked and, in part to things I can directly associate with being spanked, did not turn out fine.

That would mean our two personal experiences cancel one another out, yes? So that, in turn, leaves the scientific research of actual professionals.

What does that research say?

/pulls out megaphoneYOUR PERSONAL EXPERIENCES DO NOT INVALIDATE EXTENSIVE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHAN EXCEPTION DOES NOT DISPROVE THE RULE, THAT IS LITERALLY THE OPPOSITE OF HOW THAT FUCKING SAYING GOESCONGRATULATIONS IF YOU TURNED OUT FINE, THAT DOES NOT MEAN IT IS A GOOD IDEA FOR OTHER PARENTS TO HIT THEIR CHILDREN. IT DOES NOT EVEN MEAN THAT THE ODDS OF HITTING A CHILD WITHOUT CAUSING THEM SIGNIFICANT TRAUMA ARE GOOD ODDS! IT JUST MEANS YOU, PERSONALLY, BEAT THOSE ODDS.BUT WHY THE **FUCK** DOES ANYONE THINK KIDS’ MENTAL HEALTH IS A GOOD THING TO GAMBLE WITH, EXACTLY???

not sure ‘my parents hit me and now i want to hit my kids’ means ‘i turned out fine’ tbh

Research is great, untill it isn’t. I’ve watched parents who discipline (not abuse) their kids including spanking and those who don’t. Every adult is different. Every kid is different. Some form of discipline is needed. In my experience, parents who spank tend to fall into the category of applying discipline. Parents who don’t discipline tend not to spank. The undisciplined kids have way more issues than those that are disciplined. As to which types of discipline work best, again, it’s dependent on the adult and child. Each is unique. My oldest would not respond to being scolded when he was little. All the different techniques did not work for keeping him out of the street. Spanking did work though. I don’t care what your study says, if it’s a choice between my son getting run over or staying safe, his butt is getting spanked. My second son didn’t need spanked to stay out of the street. I did what worked. Each case, each incident must be evaluated individually. You owe your kid that. If you aren’t willing to do that, you shouldn’t be a parent.

No child benefits from being hit. No child is better off because their parents hit them. No child, no matter how unique, should he hit.

There are ways to have discipline and rules and consequences without being hit.

That’s wonderful! Now let’s go bury the kid who’s parents agree with you and they weren’t willing to do what was needed to keep them alive. At least as we lower them into the ground we can stand there with the moral superiority of them not having been hit.

Your argument is that NOT hitting kids…kills them? That children will die unless you hit them?

You obviously didn’t read what I wrote.

I did. You wrote “ Now let’s go bury the kid who’s parents agree with you and they weren’t willing to do what was needed to keep them alive” which implies that parents taking my advice (to not hit their kids) aren’t “doing what was needed to keep them alive.”

Which sounds like you’re saying that kids die unless you hit them.

If I’ve misinterpreted, please clarify.

Yes, I said that. I also said this:

Research is great, untill it isn’t. I’ve watched parents who discipline (not abuse) their kids including spanking and those who don’t. Every adult is different. Every kid is different. Some form of discipline is needed. In my experience, parents who spank tend to fall into the category of applying discipline. Parents who don’t discipline tend not to spank. The undisciplined kids have way more issues than those that are disciplined. As to which types of discipline work best, again, it’s dependent on the adult and child. Each is unique. My oldest would not respond to being scolded when he was little. All the different techniques did not work for keeping him out of the street. Spanking did work though. I don’t care what your study says, if it’s a choice between my son getting run over or staying safe, his butt is getting spanked. My second son didn’t need spanked to stay out of the street. I did what worked. Each case, each incident must be evaluated individually. You owe your kid that. If you aren’t willing to do that, you shouldn’t be a parent.

You do what is necessary. Fun? No. Popular? Probably not. I raised my kids. Not some study. The studies don’t tell you what to do if they don’t work. Again, since you didn’t get it the first time and probably not the second, you evaluate each kid, each incident and discipline accordingly. When the other tools had failed, I didn’t give up on my kids, I used all the tools needed to keep them safe, disciplined and happy. If you raised a well adjusted kid to adulthood without spanking, good for you. Glad it worked. Your experience is not universal. Do what is necessary for the benefit of the kid.

Your argument is that some kids just NEED to be hit by their parents, or they will die? That some children are better off because they were hit, that some kids NEED to be hit by their parents?

And I’m sorry, that’s bullshit. There’s no scientific evidence of that, and honestly, morally, I find it repugnant to argue that your children MUST be hit. No human NEEDS to be hit to learn something, or to be a better person, or to understand something. In fact, there’s a lot of research that the threat of physical violence makes it HARDER to learn and has long term negative health outcomes. 

YOU couldn’t find a way to keep a TODDLER away from traffic without physical violence? Sounds like a YOU problem, not a “my child is benefited from being hit” problem. 

I know that being told you made mistakes with your children is probably upsetting. It probably makes you uncomfortable and defensive to be told that you CHOSE to hit your kids, and, as a result, you put them at risk for long term mental health issues. You fucked up. That doesn’t make you a bad person, it makes you a parent who made a mistake. 

That doesn’t mean you should keep advocating that other people make the same mistake. 

You are wrong to tell other people that they should hit their kids. You are wrong to tell people that they DESERVED to be hit by their parents when they were kids. You are wrong to argue that it is GOOD PARENTING to hit kids. 

You are wrong, and if your only evidence is “well, I couldn’t keep my own child safe, so I decided to hit him” then that is a bad reason. 

Paragraph by paragraph:

Again, reading comprehension. I said spank, not hit. Of course, if you don’t know the difference, then you (specifically you, not people who know the difference) should never spank. It would be best if you skipped parenting all together.

More reading comprehension issues. The studies are great, till they aren’t. The studies don’t tell you what to do when they fail. Studies don’t have the responsibility of raising kids. Parents do.

I don’t really care who’s problem you think it is. My choice was to keep my son safe or please people like you. Guess where you rank.

I am neither uncomfortable nor defensive. I would have to care about your opinion before I became defensive or uncomfortable. Now what is important is why I don’t care about your opinion. You were not there when I was raising my children. If I were to be raising children today, you still would not be there. You wouldn’t be dealing with their issues, paying their bills, coaching their little league, tending them when they are sick, getting their vaccinations, working overtime to pay for their college, worrying when they deploy with the military or take a job where they go into burning buildings or have complications with their child’s pregnancy. None of those issues or sleepless nights are yours. You don’t even share in them. All you have for me is “Don’t hit.” When someone knows so little about other’s circumstances, do you think anything you say would make me uncomfortable? As it is though, your pop psychology may have a negative impact on others. Stop telling people how to do something you know nothing about.

I’m not advocating for other people to spank. I’m saying do what works. Spank. Don’t spank. It’s up to the parent to determine what is best. Studies will only get you so far. Then it is the parents responsibility to make it work.

I said none of these things. Reading comprehension. It’s a thing.

I’m not wrong. But I am curious. How many kids have you raised?

“I am unable to keep my son out of mortal peril without hitting him” is not a strong argument for you being a fount of good parenting advice. 

The fact that you did many other things well- taking care of them when sick, couching little league, paying for college- is GREAT. It doesn’t mean it was NEEDED or GOOD that you also hit them. 

This is not “pop psychology.” This is decades of peer reviewed research- spanking is bad. (Spanking is a form of hitting) Spanking has long term mental health risks. Spanking is, at best, an ineffective parenting tool, and at worst the source of childhood trauma for many. 

No child NEEDS to be spanked. No child is better off for being spanked. And I’m sorry that you are unable or unwilling to reflect on your own practices as a parent in light of evidence and reason. You put your children at risk of long term mental health issues because you spanked them, because YOU couldn’t control them without physically striking them. 

And it is irresponsible and dangerous to tell people that there’s no risk and no harm in hitting their kids. It is irresponsible and dangerous to tell people that some kids NEED to be hit “for their own good” and for their own safety, and to imply, no to outright SAY, that some people’s children will DIE unless they hit them? Is frankly pretty disgusting. 

I am a teacher. My profession is to care for children, teach children, and keep children safe. All without spanking them. All without hitting them. 

Again, reading comprehension. You are crediting me with things I didn’t say. Stop it. I’m not wasting any more time correcting you when you can’t seem to read basic English.

A teacher. That’s cool. Work on your reading comprehension. But you aren’t a parent. Let me know when you actually have skin in the game, as they say.

If I have misrepresented your points, perhaps you’ve done a poor job of representing them. 

And I have a lot of skin in the game. I work every day with children who have undergone trauma, who have not been taught emotional coping mechanisms for dealing with stress, children who have not been taught to listen to WHY rules exist and WHY certain rules need to be followed without the threat of violence. I deal with kids who only know to listen to mom and dad because if they don’t, they’ll get hit, except their teachers can’t hit them, and now they are reaching an age where their parents are less and less comfortable hitting them as well. Children who haven’t learned self control, but who have learned that you can hit people who make you angry, because their parents do it all the time. Children who don’t know how to interact with adults in authority appropriately if those adults don’t have the ability to hit them.

I work with kids who have been spanked. I work with kids who haven’t. Its easier than you think to tell the difference, and it doesn’t paint a pretty picture. 

I get it: it’s too late for your kids. Whatever damage you would do to them by hitting them is done. 

I only hope other people are more willing to see the evidence and do better. 

People seem to think that it’s possible to be the “ideal parent” who just so happens to also apply physical violence when it’s “needed”.

I would like to posit that the mentality that it is your right, as a parent, to harm a child for their own good is absolutely something that will carry over into literally everything else you do with them. If you violate a child’s bodily autonomy while they’re still a child - an age when, generally speaking, kids still unconditionally adore their parents and look up to them as the ultimate authority - then what in Heaven’s name are you going to resort to when they start developing critical thinking, growing into adults, forming their own opinions of you?

Reminder that there is such a thing as compounding factors. A study that measures the effect of spanking will also be measuring the effects of the attitude that leads to spanking. So, like, it’s perfectly possible that spanking BY ITSELF does nothing harmful - I’m not saying that’s the case, I’m saying that you COULD interpret the research that way. But the fact remains that children of people who chose to spank their kids were ultimately worse-off for the way they were being parented.

11 days ago

When people get pregnant, they will give up smoking, give up alcohol, give up coffee and soda, give up fondue and raw cheese,...

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jfc guys get your asses over alucard’s place and give the man a hug

11 days ago

jfc guys get your asses over alucard’s place and give the man a hug

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Wait for it…

12 days ago

Wait for it…

(Background: I have a lifelong disability and am a wheelchair user. After surgery I’ve basically been stuck living and sleeping in one room for three years. These are things I have learnt which may help, though with the caveat that everyone is different, and baseline mental health varies.)

1. YOUR MENTAL HEALTH WILL PROBABLY SUFFER - and although humans are social creatures, even the most introverted will chafe against boundaries enforced upon them by circumstance. The degree to which it suffers will be related to your mental health baseline and physical health. Understand that this IS NOT YOUR FAULT. Stimuli and enrichment methods are required. It’s why animals need such things in zoos and conservation parks. This leads us on to my next point.

2. COMPREHEND WHICH ACTIVITIES ARE ACTIVE AND PASSIVE FOR YOU Spending your confinement solely doing passive things (watching TV, Netflix, browsing the internet, scrolling through the internet) will take a load off your brain and make the time pass quicker. But if that’s all you do, the sense of disconnection increases over time. Activities which require you to *do* something, even if it’s just engaging your motor skills via video games, or lifting some cans of beans, or actively reading - these deliberate acts foster a tiny sense of achievement which gives your brain a dose of helpful chemicals. If you want to consider your activities, look up the work of Marshall McLuhan as regards “hot media” and “cold media” (See https://mediawiki.middlebury.edu/MIDD…/Hot_versus_cool_media for basic premise.) Balancing out your media intake with hot and cold activities keeps your brain active and pumping tasty neurotransmitters.

3. LIMIT YOUR SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE TO SOCIAL PURPOSES. Infinite scrolling as found on many social media platforms is a hot medium, as per McLuhan. The reason Likes exist is to give that little spike of interactivity. It’s not a conspiracy to say many platforms are designed to keep you on them so they can show you more ads. (See also https://www.theguardian.com/…/has-dopamine-got-us-hooked-on… which explains the brain chemistry angle) However, DM’s and other messaging faculties are supremely useful. Use them to interact with your friends, indulge your fandom theories. Person to person interaction requires and enhances deep-seated neurological and biophysical reflexes. Text your mates. Skype/Facetime or otherwise call them. Use the technology of the 21st century for genuine social ends, deliberately. Catch up with their lives one to one or in groupchats.

4. PICK TIMES TO CHECK THE NEWS AND STICK TO THEM. This relates to point 3 - unfortunately we live in a 24hr news cycle, with constant liveblogging of important issues. This means that we’re constantly streaming anxiety inducing situations into our brains JUST IN CASE. That’s not helpful, particularly when you can’t actually DO anything about those events - the urge to DO something is why people are panic-buying. It’s a very basic primordial need to grab resources for defence. By picking times of the day to check news, you are again, making a DELIBERATE CHOICE, enacting some small level of agency, while at the same time limiting anxiety-inducing stimuli. If the news gets too much, then don’t check it as much - or at all - and do something else.

5. IF YOU DO THINGS WITH FRIENDS, SEE IF YOU CAN DO THEM ONLINE. Run that game of DnD/Other TTRPG you’ve been meaning to. Hold your book club online. Have a few drinks online over voice-chat if you are missing the pub. Hold watch parties for your favourite shows. The key, as ever, is to be engaged rather than passive. It’s harder if you’re ill, yes, but it can be done.

6. USE YOUR IMAGINATION TO CREATE THINGS. Write that fanfic. Start that novel. Design that game. Doodle. Paint. Humans have been creating since the day we became human. Consider things from the perspective of a pre-modern person. Make handprints on your own personal cave wall - contact each other and tell spooky stories. Build a complex fantasy world. Write an account of your confinement for some person to find pieces of years after you’re gone from the world. Think about a problem, and learn how to solve it via taking online classes (See http://www.openculture.com/freeonlinecourses) Write an essay on your chosen passion or hyperfixation - nobody needs to read it but you. Treat yourself to intellectual stimulation, if that’s your thing.

7. IF YOU HAVE A SPIRITUAL. RITUAL, OR MEDITATIVE PRACTICE DO IT. It doesn’t matter if it’s not perfect, or limited in scope. This also includes atheists and those who despise woo - you have personal rituals, things you do that have Meaning to you as a person. Maybe it;s alphabetizing your music collection, or spring cleaning or cooking your favourite meal like grandma used to make. Humans have patterns they perform. When you perform them DELIBERATIVELY (or dare I say MINDFULLY) you become aware that these are the scaffolds that structure human life.

8. STRUCTURE YOUR TIME. Following on from 7, we often don’t realise the structure of our lives until it is disrupted. When that’s removed, our minds can go into freefall. If you’re isolated/in lockdown, oftentimes you won’t be able to access those structures. Rather than wait for them to to become accessible again and risk a period of feeling lost and directionless, which can enhance depression and anxiety, it’s best to develop a new structure based on the resources you have. It can be as loose or as strict as you like, but sticking to it allows us to develop a rhythm which makes time pass in recognisable fashion and gives us a sense of being-in-the-world as some sort of engaged process.

9. KEEP YOUR SLEEP PATTERN REGULAR AND LONG ENOUGH. The key here is REGULAR. Following on from 8, it’s important to keep your body well rested, as this aids your immune system and cuts down on the possibility of your body having to deal with stress . If you’re ill it’s harder to keep this regular, because sometimes your body just needs sleep to regenerate NOW. Equally in isolation, particularly if you’re feeling mentally low, it can be tempting to sleep forever, because y’know, you’re feeling low and what’s the point. (Of course the point is why we have 8 in particular, along with all the rest.)

OBVIOUSLY EVERYONE IS DIFFERENT. Particularly for those with disabilities or chronic illnesses, we may be even more limited in our activities while isolated than able bodied folks. That said, the key is to remember that certainly during this pandemic, and otherwise YOU ARE NOT THE ONLY ONE FEELING THIS WAY. Rubbish as it may be, many are in the same boat. If it pleases you to, seek them out - see what commonalities you have, what hopes and dreams and fascinations you may share. FIND THE OTHERS - it’s what humans have always done.

Be well.

I hope OP doesn’t mind me adding to this, but-

I have depression that often stops me from leaving the house. While they’re probably not universal, a few specifics that nevertheless make a big difference for me:

Put on real clothes every day, shower as much as you would if you were going out, and do any other routine self-care of a similar nature. Sitting around in your pajamas for days at a time contributes to the general feeling of depression and uselessness. Have multiple spots to exist in; even if you’re just watching Netflix from a different spot in your bedroom, that’s better than spending all your time in your bed. If you’re spending more time in a space than usual, you might want to devote a bit of energy to keeping it a little cleaner/neater than you normally would. I don’t usually bother making my bed nowadays, but when I was living out of a single room I did because it made the room look so much less like a Depression Cave. If you tend to lose track of time ADHD-style, you might want to have something to mark time in your downtime so it doesn’t just turn into a blur- for instance, I’ve got an app on my phone that dings every half-hour basically just to remind me that time is passing. It can also help you remember to move once in a while. On that note, move once in a while. Doesn’t even have to be Exercise™, just try not to spend too many hours at a stretch sitting in the same position. If you can do so without turning into a germ vector, try to get some fresh air every once in a while. If you can’t, at least try to spend a significant portion of your day in a spot that gets some sun. Even if you don’t have actual SAD, lack of sunlight can start getting to you. If you keep wanting to go back to social media all the time even though it’s just stressing you out: Leechblock. It’s an extension designed to stop yourself from absentmindedly wandering off into the internet hinterlands when you’re working, but is equally effective at stopping compulsive refreshing. Works on both Firefox and Chrome, and it has a lot of options for how and when to have it block things.

…Looking at this list, a lot of them seem really obvious, but I have many times experienced the frustrating feeling of realizing that some condescending advice that the internet would attribute to a neurotypical woman named Karen actually did noticeably improve things, so hey, have some semi-obvious advice.

I don’t mind at all @downtroddendeity

12 days ago

THINGS WOT I HAVE LEARNT AFTER BEING VIRTUALLY HOUSEBOUND FOR 3 YEARS THAT MAY BE HELPFUL TO THOSE IN SELF ISOLATION AND/OR...

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Gorath from Betrayal at Krondor, my earliest videogame love.   Support me on Patreon here!
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IMG

12 days ago

Gorath from Betrayal at Krondor, my earliest videogame love. Support me on Patreon here!

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More art of carrats from Don’t Starve Together! Adorable little buggers. Still, mating season must be confusing for them… ...
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12 days ago

More art of carrats from Don’t Starve Together! Adorable little buggers. Still, mating season must be confusing for them… ...

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The twins. Watercolour and marker practice.   Support me on Patreon here!

12 days ago

The twins. Watercolour and marker practice. Support me on Patreon here!

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takin the bus!

13 days ago

takin the bus!

14 days ago

GANNAYEV!!!! Holy god I need to replay this game btw

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Gann of Dreams and his beloved one.

14 days ago

Gann of Dreams and his beloved one.

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“I hope you fall in love with someone who never stops choosing you and I hope you feel at home when you look at them.”  ...

14 days ago

“I hope you fall in love with someone who never stops choosing you and I hope you feel at home when you look at them.”  ...

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“Moooom! …can you get my toy for me?” (via qoolove520)

18 days ago

“Moooom! …can you get my toy for me?” (via qoolove520)

Prediction for other Americans: In a year or two when COVID-19 is winding down either just due to burnout or a vaccine there will emerge a narrative that it was tragic, and sad, but unavoidable, and people did what they could in the face of overwhelming odds.

This will be false.

The US has been far, far too slow in responding. Contrast our response with South Korea's, with their aggressive testing, containment, and mitigation. Notice how slow we have been in implementing measures that can slow the virus's spread. Notice how lack of insurance, paid time off, and a robust safety bet will speed the virus's spread. Notice the lack of testing, and the spread of misinformation. This was, perhaps, not something that can be prevented, but it is absolutely something that can be mitigated, and our leaders and our country failed and continue to fail to take actions that can mitigate it.

It absolutely WAS something that could have been prevented.

There are measures specifically to prevent something like this. It’s called the CDC epidemic prevention program.

Trump cut 80% of the CDC’s pandemic prevention budget in 2018 (X). That’s hundreds, if not thousands, of internationally-placed health workers all around the world losing their funding to continue doing their jobs.

So make no mistake. Bad policy decisions caused this, and bad policy decisions are making it worse.

I live in Germany and COVID19 is booming here right now, I have to worry for my family’s and friends’ safety. Because of some dickhead politician halfway around the world.

For fuck’s sake, Americans, vote, and don’t vote Trump.

18 days ago

Prediction for other Americans: In a year or two when COVID-19 is winding down either just due to burnout or a vaccine there...

I was thinking about all the stories of exploited workers explaining that they can’t leave work even if they’re sick, prompted by coronavirus concerns & I was thinking about when I was a *part time* librarian at a community college and was made responsible for making ALL college IDs for students and staff and how once I called in sick for 2 days (unpaid because no benefits but I took the pay cut to stay home) and when I got back I had panicked emails from my boss who had gotten panicked emails from their boss who had gotten a swarm of panicked calls from people who hadn’t received IDs cause no one took any photos or processed or printed them for a week (cause I was only scheduled like 3 days a week to begin with) & therefore people couldn’t register for classes or in some cases even get in the building, and an emergency meeting was called where I had to explain how I got so far behind. Because they had no one else who knew how to perform this vital function to the college except a part time, unbenefitted person working in the campus library, and just relied on the assumption that I would never call in.

I’m sure none of the students realized how absolutely dysfunctional their college was. They probably thought the delay was some sort of disorganized bureaucratic nightmare, which would have been a valid theory. But no, it was 1 worker who was sick for 2 days and it brought the whole functioning of the college down.

People really don’t understand how precarious literally everything is. So much relies on the sacrifice of exploited labor, and the precarity only reveals itself when someone in that position refuses to provide that sacrifice

Unrelated to the health concern but the above, “how precarious everything is”, is why worker strikes are important and powerful.

18 days ago

I was thinking about all the stories of exploited workers explaining that they can’t leave work even if they’re sick, prompted...

So. 10th grade English class. We all come in one morning to find a balloon and a perfectly sharpened pencil on each of our desks. No instructions, no explanation, which is strange, because our teacher is meticulous about that sort of thing. A couple of people try to ask her and she says we’ll get to it. She takes role and then announces that she needs to go to the copy room and she’ll be back in a couple of minutes

Kinda unorthodox, but no one is complaining because this is advanced English and the teacher usually goes kinda hard. So, y’know. Brief respite. We all sit and chat; one of the boys teasingly steals a girl’s balloon, but gives it back to her easily enough; it’s quiet and kind of a nice break. Then the teacher comes back, stops in the doorway, and just stares at us

After a long moment, she says, confused, “You didn’t pop the balloons.”

To which one of the guys about two rows over exclaims, “We’re allowed to pop them?” and immediately turns around and stabs his friend’s balloon with the pencil

There is a vicious revenge balloon-stabbing, and a few more people pop seatmates’ balloons or their own, and the whole time the teacher is just shaking her head. “I can’t believe you didn’t pop your balloons.”

Apparently we were starting Lord of the Flies that day and she wanted to demonstrate the basic concept of kids turning on each other when there are no authority figures present and it was basically my favorite failed social experiment ever

Back in my 10th grade we did a similar things around Lord of the Flies, where we had a test scheduled for that day, and when we walked in, the teacher took role by looking through the window of the door and never entered the classroom. On the board were three tasks written and the teacher had brought in donuts. At first we all sat around and waited for the teacher to come in, but eventually we just started tackling the list of tasks. Task 1- the test. Everybody took it silently, no one cheated, everyone turned it in and we went on to Task Two: tidy up the room. So we did, we split into a couple groups and each one cleaned an area of the room. Task Three: Hand out the donuts. There were 12 donuts, and 30 of us. So we split the donuts into thirds, each took a third, and left the extras for the teacher. After this, the teacher came in absolutely FUMING. She was so upset we had followed all the rules and completed the tasks. Apparently she had been texting kids telling them to start some chaos but they all ignored it because they were too nice. She tried to dock our grades for not going absolutely wild because it meant her class didn’t get the point across

That’s because lord of the flies isn’t representative of humanity it’s representative of rich white male shitheads

Look at these English teachers who missed a major theme in Lord of the Flies. Like. Literally the main theme. It was very purposefully written about rich white boys who attended private school.

at a very specific time period and in a specific country, too

it was written as a riff on a popular genre at the time, about plucky British schoolboys who have unsupervised adventures and accomplish heroic feats just by being so damn…well, plucky and British

Far from being naturally aggressive, people actually help each other in times of crisis more than they take advantage, imagine that.

Humans are social creatures and in times of crisis - and this includes uncertainty when circumstances change, such as sudden absence of an authority figure - we both stick together and look to each other for guidance.

19 days ago

So. 10th grade English class. We all come in one morning to find a balloon and a perfectly sharpened pencil on each of our...

In all honesty the fact that any shonen jump manga ends up even somewhat coherent is wild considering the authors schedules like all id be able to produce would be rambling fever dreams

Like imagine having to plan, storyboard, and illustrate each new chapter every week on the fly with meetings with editors you have to please and then days of crunch time, like never getting a full nights rest and then doing the same thing next week.

Mangakas have reported a mere couple of hours of personal time a week. Its literally unfathomable to me how anyone can create consistently good work in that industry.

And takahashi being SICK on top of that? Christ dude.

Like look at this one artists schedule and tell me this doesnt make your soul shrivel a little at the thought. They barely have time to SLEEP let alone write and plan

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yes this ^^^^^^^ they are heroes

they aren’t heroes, they’re overworked human beings. stop glorifying overwork culture it’s super unhealthy. the manga industry is a grim place and they really, really need to get a fucking grip and stop coming up with bullshit rules. 

if they want to release their magazines weekly, they need to come up with a system that doesn’t involve a person having to sleep for 2 hours and eat once in a day. or don’t have a weekly manga magazine at all… and y’all need to stop normalizing and/or glorifying unhealthy work ethics like this, it’s disgusting

Yeah no one send any hate to shapooda but the point of my post was that this is p awful.

No one needs their weekly manga chapter that badly. Imagine how much more time theyd have if it were even just biweekly.

This isnt healthy or sustainable. Its soul sucking and exhausting. One week of this would be enough to burn me out I cant imagine this being my whole existence. Theres no time in here to be a person. See family and friends. Go out and enjoy yourself. Meet people. Try new things.

Look at that monday. He eats at 8 am and then doesnt even get another break until 8 am the next day when he goes to sleep.

Theres no reason for this.

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[Twitter user @MinovskyArticle directly quoting Junji Ito at his TCAF 2019 panel: Sleep is very important. Everyone get enough sleep. Many manga artists die young and it’s because they don’t sleep. Your best ideas will come to you when you’re sleeping. Please get some sleep.]

On one hand I love how a manga having a single auteur means they can explore weirder and cooler stories instead of worrying about the mainstream, and keep consistent characters and coherent stories and solid development arcs going, instead of everything being fragmented and stupid like most american comics.

But on the other hand two hours of sleep a night and three hours of free time per week is fucking fatal, and nobody should have to do this.

We’ve finally woken up and started to say something about crunch time in video game development, which is good, but manga artists are in eternal crunch for the entire duration of their art, until they retire or die. Nothing about this is okay.

Well, between being underpaid for things in general and overworked… Tho honestly? I’d love it if, say, Jump decided to put some of it’s new series on a bi-weekly rotation, allowing them to keep more series running AND allowing their mangaka to have more leeway on getting work in and still having a life.

Since it’s COVID19 season, a BIG FRIENDLY REMINDER THAT SLEEP DEPRIVATION WRECKS YOUR IMMUNE SYSTEM, HARD

19 days ago

In all honesty the fact that any shonen jump manga ends up even somewhat coherent is wild considering the authors schedules like...

"Coronavirus is no worse than the flu" - this isn't true, and I'm going to tell you why.

I'm not saying this to panic people, but I think it's always better to be informed.

The modern death rate from the flu is quite a bit less than 1%. Currently estimates for the Coronavirus are about 2-3%, however these are based on Chinese figures. We know coronavirus is worse for the elderly, western Europe has an older population than China.

About 10% of cases end up in hospital, needing extra oxygen or even ventilation - this is definitely worse than the flu. This happens even to young healthy people. If coronavirus becomes widespread in the UK, hospitals won't cope.

The flu has a transmission rate of about 0.4 - this means for 3 people with the flu, one more will get infected. The transmission rate for Coronavirus is about 3, so for 3 people with Coronavirus, 9 more get sick.

We don't have a vaccine to protect the elderly and immunocomprimised - despite what Donald Trump says, this will take about 18 months to develop. Some antivirals are showing they can help treat Coronavirus, but we don't really have effective treatment either.

People don't need to panic, but they do need to take this seriously!

I was under estimating it earlier on, but yeah, it’s good that precautions are being taken to control it. But the public panic is definitely still bs

To expand on this:It’s a novel virus. Despite similarities to the flu (respiratory issues, etc.) we actually don’t know much about it yet and what it does. It could lead to permanent lung damage even in recovered people. It could stay in the body even after the person has recovered. (Just examples picked out of a hat.) At this point we have no idea, and even if you’re confident you, personally, would not end up in the ventilation unit, there are still good reasons to avoid getting sick if at all possible.

19 days ago

"Coronavirus is no worse than the flu" - this isn't true, and I'm going to tell you why. I'm not saying this to panic people,...

Pictures 1
https://ift.tt/2nEcBP8 “This man’s collection of lost apples varieties.”

20 days ago

https://ift.tt/2nEcBP8 “This man’s collection of lost apples varieties.”

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Don’t Starve Together: Wilson & lab assistants.  The second image is before he learned the importance of lab safety, the first...
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22 days ago

Don’t Starve Together: Wilson & lab assistants. The second image is before he learned the importance of lab safety, the first...

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The mighty carrat. As a rat lover, suffice to say I love the recent DST update.   Support me on Patreon here!
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23 days ago

The mighty carrat. As a rat lover, suffice to say I love the recent DST update. Support me on Patreon here!

Pictures 2
okay but look at the differences between these two statues. that pretty much says everything you need to know about Zuko and his...
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24 days ago

okay but look at the differences between these two statues. that pretty much says everything you need to know about Zuko and his...