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Malignant compliance is an effective tool to keep in obese quiver

9 days ago

Malignant compliance is an effective tool to keep in obese quiver

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Mr. The Frog we all agreed that a celebrity is not a people
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15 days ago

Mr. The Frog we all agreed that a celebrity is not a people

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“It’s Been An Adventure, Mr. Fredricksen.”  “Adventure Is Out There!”  Someone asked me to post these two companion pieces...
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15 days ago

“It’s Been An Adventure, Mr. Fredricksen.” “Adventure Is Out There!” Someone asked me to post these two companion pieces...

white people are racist by default (in the united states as well as other countries). are you white? congrats, you’re racist, and here’s the explanation:

you grew up in a racist society -> you were socialized to be racist thanks to racism being a dominant ideology -> you benefit from racism -> you’re racist no matter how much u think you’re not.

unlearning it is going to be a constant battle and u will never unlearn it fully. accept this. it is ingrained in you as a result of your upbringing and the media you’ve consumed. the sooner you come to terms with your own racism, the sooner u can better yourself. recognize the problem in yourself instead of setting yourself apart from those “other” white people.

I fux heavy with the White people who keep putting this post on my dash

This applies to all social structures by the way.

You’re a man? You grew up benefitting from sexism.You’re straight? You grew up with homophobic ideals.You’re cis? You grew up with transphobic ideals.You’re able bodied? You grew up with ableist tendencies.

The process of unlearning all of the ideology you were surrounded by is what activism is about. Do it.

And even if you’re not privileged under a given social structure, you might still have a lot of internalized things to unlearn

Our society teaches us to hate the oppressed, if an oppressed person says that what you believe or do is harmful and they tell you - don’t get offended, learn and do better

^was going to add something similar to that. POC and other minorities can still be guilty of harboring prejudices against minority groups they are not a part of. (Antiblack sentiment within Latino and Asian communities, islamaphobia, homophobia, etc.) It’s important to understand that just because you may be a minority doesn’t mean you aren’t guilty of upholding a prejudiced system too.

very important

15 days ago

white people are racist by default (in the united states as well as other countries). are you white? congrats, you’re racist,...

"Pedro Pascal is pretty funny" - Twitter Complilation

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slim

15 days ago

"Pedro Pascal is pretty funny" - Twitter Complilation

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Don’t scroll past this. Kylie Armstrong was diagnosed with breast cancer and these small dimples were the only signs. She posted...
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15 days ago

Don’t scroll past this. Kylie Armstrong was diagnosed with breast cancer and these small dimples were the only signs. She posted...

Actually, he’s only a himbo if he’s from the Himbeaux region of France.  Otherwise he’s just a sparkling dumbass

15 days ago

Actually, he’s only a himbo if he’s from the Himbeaux region of France.  Otherwise he’s just a sparkling dumbass

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chill it’s cos your rare
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15 days ago

chill it’s cos your rare

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Follow me for more cute animals! (:
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15 days ago

Follow me for more cute animals! (:

I hope Wikipedia doesnt go bankrupt it will feel like the end times . I think I will literally panic

Encyclopedia Britannica is always there

there’s this place called a library. and they have these things called books. and then there’s this thing called Google Search. where you can find books in PDF form.

Wikipedia is user edited. you can literally put anything you want in an entry almost. I think you know where I’m about to go with this.

You’re condescending and annoying. I am attached to Wikipedia out of sentimentality it’s always been there for as long as I remember and reliable to me for some casual trivia. Wikipedia is iconic and I love her. go write a research paper or something

who let high school teachers find tumblr

me: hm i wonder how many countries drive on the same side as the UK

friend: let’s check wikipedia in 2 seconds on our phones

some asshole on tumblr: um excuse me why don’t you stop what you’re doing to go to the library and look it up in an outdated book that’s edited maybe twice a decade and that definitely doesn’t have a single page article called “list of countries with left-hand traffic”

also “user edited” really doesn’t mean as much as you think it does. there are millions of people displaying accurate information, for every one person displaying inaccurate information. and that inaccurate information is usually changed quickly, and the person who made it can get their ip blocked from wikipedia if it was bad enough. way more accurate than textbooks or a library.

Librarian here! I’ve worked at both academic (college/university) and public libraries, and let me tell you this: most print encyclopedias are useless garbage we can’t get rid of fast enough. With the exception of subject-specific sets which we need to buy again every few years because the information has become outdated, most of the information in any volume of an encyclopedia is far more accessible and far more in-depth on the internet. 

Wikipedia as a reference resource is fantastic because, just like print encyclopedias, it serves as a jumping-off point for research… and so do librarians! A librarian isn’t going to just write your paper for you, we’re going to point you to the books, articles, and websites that contain the information. Wikipedia is great for that, too, because any article that gets more than a bit of traffic will wind up with sources and external links. But print encyclopedias don’t go that far in citing their sources, and because they’re static media, the references may not only be outdated, they might be entirely inaccessible due to age, obscurity, or cost of access.

And there’s an interesting thing about all those books we have on the shelves… anyone can write one, and usually they only have a handful of other people checking their work. Academic journals are somewhat notorious for the ease with which a completely falsified paper can see publication (especially in cases of electronic journals), but printed books can also be easily falsified, whether as a result of publishers with an agenda or just fact-checkers slacking off.  

 As has been pointed out above, wikipedia is really great at getting obscenely specific in terms of the topics of articles. It’s an amazing collection of data, and more importantly, it’s an amazing collection of sources of data.

The role of a reference librarian and a wikipedia editor are basically the same: show you a brief summary of the information you need, and point you to more in-depth, reliable sources.

I was helping a friend clear out their dad’s old stuff from their home recently and we came across encyclopedias from the 90s.

They all went to the dump. They were ASTOUNDINGLY outdated. Totally fucking useless.

High school English teacher here–I regularly get crap from some of my colleagues, but I am completely fine with students using Wikipedia for info. Wikipedia does an excellent job of flagging articles that have been recently edited until someone can verify the changes, so pages with inaccurate info often have giant warnings at the top saying “THIS PAGE MAY CONTAIN IANCCURATE INFO”. Won’t find that in an out-of-date print edition.

Not only that, but Wikipedia cites its sources. It tells you right at the bottom of the page where all its info came from, so if you want to use a fact from Wikipedia but don’t want a teacher annoyed with you, just cite the source in the footnote. Teachers and professors are (a) not likely to check up on this and (b) it’s a real source so even if they do it’s legit?

The biggest problem I have had with letting students use Wikipedia is actually that Wikipedia articles are often written in such academic language that students sometimes struggle to understand them. That part kids have to overcome on their own or with the help of their teacher. But there’s nothing wrong with Wikipedia as a source. Hatred for it is a remnant of academic elitism, thinking that “peer-reviewed” can only mean some handful of crusty white dudes instead of literally anyone with enough knowledge and motivation to review it.

Honestly. My dad is a college professor and he’s told me time and again to always start my research at Wikipedia. You have to go further, obviously, but its such a great jumping off point for information.

Plus, where else can I find an itemized and updated list of every Cryptid known to human kind?

For the impenetrable articles, here’s my tip.

The list of other languages in the sidebar? Look at it and check whether the article has a version in Simple English.

Simple English is a mode for non-native English speakers but is also great if your reading comprehension is not super good, you’re having a slow brain day for any mental health or developmental disorder reason, or the English version is just poorly written.

Librarian here, and this whole post gives me so much joy.

@sugargroupie, @turtletotem

I feel like people think “not a reliable source” means “not true” but it actually means “can’t be quoted because the words might change”

I never knew there was a simple English version? I learned something new!

So yeah, everyone go donate to Wikipedia, they’re having a hard time over there.

15 days ago

I hope Wikipedia doesnt go bankrupt it will feel like the end times . I think I will literally panic

15 days ago

Do you have any kinks?

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As a medical professional and a medically complicated human this is very important to me

15 days ago

As a medical professional and a medically complicated human this is very important to me

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This is created for recent trending #whyIsign. #whyIsign was started by Stacy Abrams. She wanted to spread knowledge about sign...
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15 days ago

This is created for recent trending #whyIsign. #whyIsign was started by Stacy Abrams. She wanted to spread knowledge about sign...

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JUSTICE HAS BEEN SERVED 
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15 days ago

JUSTICE HAS BEEN SERVED 

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The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)
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15 days ago

The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)

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A man who has traveled to 217 countries in the world on visiting Iran  ...
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15 days ago

A man who has traveled to 217 countries in the world on visiting Iran  ...

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The Holy Trinity of Chris Evans at Awards Shows  2015 People’s Choice Awards 2019 Academy Awards 2020 Golden Globe Awards
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15 days ago

The Holy Trinity of Chris Evans at Awards Shows 2015 People’s Choice Awards 2019 Academy Awards 2020 Golden Globe Awards

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The Shape of Water dir. Guillermo del Toro 
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15 days ago

The Shape of Water dir. Guillermo del Toro 

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I feel like you’ll appreciate this photo I took several years ago when I was in school of a raven getting spooked by something in the bushes

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@thestarsalign97

15 days ago

I feel like you'll appreciate this photo I took several years ago when I was in school of a raven getting spooked by something...

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Your gender is who you are, not what you look like   (img source)
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15 days ago

Your gender is who you are, not what you look like (img source)

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A hero in more ways than one
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15 days ago

A hero in more ways than one

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…. I don’t fear God, but I do fear the automatic stapler in the staff room

15 days ago

…. I don’t fear God, but I do fear the automatic stapler in the staff room

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I’VE BEEN LOOKING EVERYWHERE FOR THIS PICTURE

15 days ago

I’VE BEEN LOOKING EVERYWHERE FOR THIS PICTURE

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This makes me so happy
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15 days ago

This makes me so happy

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Baby Yoda - Cory Loftis | animated by Juliano Castro

15 days ago

Baby Yoda - Cory Loftis | animated by Juliano Castro

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Lambs carried by donkeys in special side-saddle as flocks of sheep move from pre-Alpine hills to summer pastures on Lombard...

15 days ago

Lambs carried by donkeys in special side-saddle as flocks of sheep move from pre-Alpine hills to summer pastures on Lombard...

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Service dogs training to sit through a movie at a theater.

15 days ago

Service dogs training to sit through a movie at a theater.

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My first comic in 2020 bein’ a lame butt joke? It’s more likely than you think
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15 days ago

My first comic in 2020 bein’ a lame butt joke? It’s more likely than you think

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this 50′s hungarian comic strip I’d never heard of until now is so damn cute for something that also gets so horny
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15 days ago

this 50′s hungarian comic strip I’d never heard of until now is so damn cute for something that also gets so horny

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Trying to stay focused until Friday… 

16 days ago

Trying to stay focused until Friday… 

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Okay, I’m sorry but I just feel so restless about the bushfires, I made a mini-comic. Maybe it will get a few more people to...
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16 days ago

Okay, I’m sorry but I just feel so restless about the bushfires, I made a mini-comic. Maybe it will get a few more people to...

in case you haven’t heard it today, or don’t fully realise it yet: i promise you that most people in this world are kind, loving and understanding. the people around you want you to succeed, they do not want you to fail. your friends don’t hate you, they love you, and they want to see you grow and prosper. 

the world is not as bad as it seems. don’t forget that.

Sounds fake but ok

good news: it’s not fake. everything i said is true. being dismissive towards good things is a damaging mindset to have. you’ll feel a lot better if you have some trust and if you’re willing to consider optimistic viewpoints.

Is this what non depressed people feel like ? Damn. You’re so lucky

i’m extremely mentally ill and extremely depressed at that. deflecting good advice that encourages you to think positively about life by claiming that the person who said it is not depressed (when i very much am) is also a very damaging mindset to have.

OP is the opposite of the “Then Perish” meme. All of OP’s replies read as “Then Prosper”.

Hey all y'all, it turns out that saying positive things and encouraging others with them even when you don’t quite believe them yourself is an excellent coping strategy for clinical depression. I know it’s hard to understand when you’re in the pit, and if I’m honest it’s still hard for me to grok, but the more you say positive things, the more they start being true. If that means lying to yourself, lie! Your brain chemistry is already lying to you about bad things, you may as well lie right back about good ones.

“Your brain chemistry is already lying to you about bad things, you may as well lie right back about good ones.“ 

Wow. That is a really fucking good point. 

THEN PROSPER

Casual reminder that depression and PTSD *literally actually* warp your perception of reality.

then prosper

16 days ago

in case you haven’t heard it today, or don’t fully realise it yet: i promise you that most people in this world are kind, loving...

Anyway, if you read marriage certificates from church records, a full 85% of first marriages for young women were around 18-19 years old. The rest skewed higher, into the early twenties, with only a few being below that age and only one in a thousand was younger than 16. 

The age of puberty has declined over the centuries as girls get better nutrition, as well, so throughout the middle ages the age at which a girl could expect her first period was around 16, where modern girls often get it much younger. 

The idea that women in earlier ages were married and mothers in their early teens is a myth. Marriages of children were usually only between noble families, and made for political reasons, or creepy old bastards who wanted a child-wife and could get away with it because they were rich and powerful. They often would point to the fact that the Roman elite did the same thing as justification. The Romans, of course, would point to the Greeks doing the same thing as justification, the Greeks pointed at the Assyrians, and so on back through the ages. 

It was considered disgusting by normal people then and still is. 

This myth is still brought out and touted by sick fuckers. Know it for what it is; a falsehood. 

And EVEN among the nobility marriages at such a young age were a much rarer occasion than those apologists would make you believe.

Let’s look an an egregious example, Henry the bloody VIII:

First marriage:

He was 18, Katharine of Aragon was 23.

Second marriage:

He was 40/41, Anne Boleyn, depending on which theory you believe, was anywhere between 24 to 32.

Third marriage:

He was 44, Jane Seymour was 28.

Fourth marriage:

He was 48, Anne of Cleves was 25

Fifth marriage:

He was 48, Catherine Howard, depending on which source you believe, was between 17-22. And yes, people at the time actually were squicked out by this age difference. And rightly so.

Sixth marriage:

He was 51, Catherine Parr was 31. 

Even the most notorious LECHER and WIFE MURDERER in history did not marry teenagers in at least 5 if not 6 out of 6 marriages. 

And here’s another Tudor tidbit, both Henry VII and VIII knew how traumatic and damaging it is for women marrying/having children too young. Henry VII’s mother was married at 12 and gave birth to Henry VII at 13. It caused so much damage and trauma that she never had another child after him despite being married three times.

So yes CUT THAT SHIT OUT. Teenage girls are NOT adults and anyone preying on them is pure evil.

YOU 

I LIKE YOU

And as for the marriage of Elizabeth Woodville to King Edward IV, she was 27 at the time. He? Was 22. 

She had been married before, and did marry young…at the age of sixteen or seventeen, to Sir John Gray, who was about five years her senior. 

@systlin This is good information, but do you have a source for the information about how most marriages back in the day were not actually usually from a younger age? I tried Googling it but I can only find things talking about modern day issues.

Well, if you don’t want to spend months crawling through digitized copies of marriage records preserved in church archives from the 12th through 18th centuries from England, Italy, Germany, France, ect (which you can do, and it will show you I’m right) you can go read  “ Medieval Households” by David Herlihy, Harvard University Press, 1985. He did the archive crawling for you. 

Also  Peter Laslett’s book “The World We Have Lost”, where he details over a thousand marriage certificates, and he dug through many more in the writing of the work. 

Wait. I am spanish. Do they actually think henry/enrique VII married fucking katherin/catalina de Aragón as a teenager?

You know we see films about this in school and every one is pretty much adult there, both fisically and in the story.

There’s this…really weird trend in a lot of pseudo-European fantasy/ ‘historical’ books to have girls marry like…really young, to vastly older dudes. Like at about 13, getting married off to like 30 year olds. And then say “Well that’s what it was like back then.” 

(Sideyes G.R.R.M)

And…no. No it wasn’t. That’s gross. England was creeped TF out when Henry VIII married Catherine Howard when she was between 17 and 22 and he was 48 as stated above, and rightly so. 

All of this is excellent, and there is one thing I would add:

When you DID have these super-young marriages between nobility, it was more or less the same thing we do today when we scream “DIBS!” over who gets the TV remote. You might have a 13-year-old lord marrying a 14-year-old girl, but they weren’t expected to actually act as husband and wife, not yet. He had schooling to finish, she had to learn how to run a household. The union was purely political and not to be consummated until later–you know, at a point when they were 18 or 19 and she could carry a child without dying of it and he could actually support a wife.

I think one of the major causes of many misconceptions like this is because people have been basing their preceptions on life in the past off of works of FICTION written in the past. When I was studying Early Modern literature in undergrad, this topic was brought up regarding the presence of sexual abuse. There were many plays and what not that implied things such as this, however the scene in the play WAS CONSIDERED SHOCKING to people back then too. It would be like someone 500 years from now watching some grimdark noire mopey antihero cop drama in a city of sin, and then thinking that it demonstrates what the everyday life of today’s world is. No one in this thread is saying things like that NEVER happened back then, it was just… not as common as historical fiction and fiction written 500 years ago might have you believe. As OP mentioned, historical documents from the time have far fewer child marriages and sexual abuse than literary works from the time do.

Rebloging for A+ history. 

I think the best metaphor for this sort of lazy, ahistorical bullshit I’ve ever heard (that I sadly can’t find the source for) is “Imagine if someone dug up records of Donald Trump and Woody Allen and decided they were the norm for society from 1700-2100″. 

in which tumblr heckin learns itself a hajnal line

Definitely a lot of treating the past of western Europe like it’s the only past that exists.

Well, I was specifically talking about the modern fantasy genre, most of which is set in a ‘pseudo medieval Europe’ kind of world. So, yes, this post is focusing on western Europe, because that’s the location and time period most often drawn on by writers responsible for the sorta bullshit I’m talking about in this post.

I was going to bring up the “young marriages were basically on paper” thing and then saw I’d already done it.

I have no memory of this place.

How old is this post?!

Old. I definitely reblogged it on my old account at least once.

Good post. I also am fundamentally incapable of letting this kind of discourse go by without adding: 

Juliet Capulet is meant to be seen as very young, and when Paris (cousin of the Prince, aka privileged as everfucking hell) is on-scene talking her reluctant father into giving her away in marriage, at 13, with the bs “younger than her are happy mothers made”, you are meant to be squicked the fuck out by both the fact that he’s doing that, and the fact that Capulet lets himself be convinced. 

It is serious foreshadowing about just how fucking stupid Capulet is about his power, prestige and “face”, and tied into the actual point of the play (which is that this feud is a human-eating cursed evil monster that will not be stopped by anything less than both families, in effect, being destroyed, which is what happens when both of them lose their only heirs to mutual suicide, and that is partly because of the complacency and corruption of the Prince and his family, who are perpetually in the middle of shit making the feud worse instead of fixing it), and Paris is not a Good Guy. He is a creepy fucker. 

16 days ago

Anyway, if you read marriage certificates from church records, a full 85% of first marriages for young women were around 18-19...

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The greatest ending in film history
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16 days ago

The greatest ending in film history

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“I just feel so dead inside…”   “Dead inside, you say? I know something that might just work”

16 days ago

“I just feel so dead inside…” “Dead inside, you say? I know something that might just work”